A woman’s reproductive system is among the most important parts of her anatomy. Needless to say it is then essential to take care of it to allow it to function optimally. Many a time however, this system can be plagued by a host of issues which may warrant a visit to the gynecologist.
Let’s take a look at some common gynecological and obstetric problems, and show you ways to address them:
1. Polycystic Ovarian Disease
Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease or PCOD is a condition in which the ovaries produce excess male hormones or androgens. This leads to the eggs forming small, fluid-filled sacs known as cysts. PCOD manifests through symptoms such as infertility, irregular periods, excessive hair growth, weight gain, acne, diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.
Although there is no cure for PCOD it can be managed in a variety of ways:
- Shedding extra kilos goes a long way in balancing the hormones and regulating the menstrual cycle and ovulation
- Maintaining a healthy diet and consuming lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products
- Abstaining from smoking, as female smokers tend to have higher levels of androgens
2. Uterine Fibroids
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths in the uterus. These fibroids may differ in size, and are caused due to genetic and hormonal changes as well as other growth factors in the body. The symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pressure or pain, frequent urination, and constipation. Although there may not be a definitive cure, exercising regularly helps keeping uterine fibroids in check. In fact, the more you exercise, the less your chances of developing uterine fibroids in the first place.
Make it a point to meet your gynecologist if you have very heavy periods, persistent pain in the pelvis, spotting or bleeding between periods, and difficulty in emptying your bladder.
Menopause usually marks the end of the menstrual cycle in women. It establishes itself through several symptoms including irregular periods, hot flashes, mood changes, vaginal dryness, weight gain, skin ailments, and even sleep problems. Once you approach your mid-forties, it is a good practice to regularly schedule medical check-ups with your gynecologist to keep the symptoms in check. Hormonal changes during menopause could make your body vulnerable to other medical conditions. This is why your regular medical examinations should ideally include breast and pelvic exams, colonoscopy, mammography, lipid screening, and thyroid testing.
4. Other Gynecological Problems
At some point in her life every woman faces common gynecological issues such as urinary tract infections (more common in pregnant women), white discharge, or irregular periods. The best way to deal with these issues is to consult your gynecologist. Urinary tract infections can be treated with antibiotics, while irregular periods by changing the method of birth control, hormone therapy, or simple lifestyle changes — such as diet and weight loss.
At Touch Of Life, we encourage women to identify and address these issues at the earliest to prevent further complications. Feel free to consult with Dr Nina and her team of qualified consultant obstetricians in Pune to rid yourself of these common complaints.